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GREEGOO Electric Co.,Ltd.
No.6 Floor,Jinye Mansion, Lvzhuang, Liushi, Yueqing, Zhejiang, 325604 P.R. China
Mob: +86-159 5877 6000
Fax: +86-4008875666 Ext 088150
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Switching Power Supplies
A switching power supply (also switching-mode power supply and SMPS) is an electronic power supply unit (PSU) that incorporates a switching regulator. While a linear regulator maintains the desired output voltage by dissipating excess power in a pass power transistor, the switched-mode power supply switches a power transistor between saturation (full on) and cutoff (completely off) with a variable duty cycle whose average is the desired output voltage. It switches at a much-higher frequency (tens to hundreds of kHz) than that of the AC line (mains), which means that the transformer that it feeds can be much smaller than one connected directly to the line/mains. Switching creates a rectangular waveform that typically goes to the primary of the transformer; typically several secondaries feed rectifiers, series inductors, and filter capacitors to provide various DC outputs with low ripple.
The main advantage of this method is greater efficiency because the switching transistor dissipates little power in the saturated state and the off state compared to the semiconducting state (active region). Other advantages include smaller size and lighter weight (from the elimination of low frequency transformers which have a high weight) and lower heat generation due to higher efficiency. Disadvantages include greater complexity, the generation of high amplitude, high frequency energy that the low-pass filter must block to avoid electromagnetic interference (EMI), and a ripple voltage at the switching frequency and the harmonic frequencies thereof.
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Add: No.6 Floor,Jinye Mansion, Lvzhuang, Liushi, Yueqing, Zhejiang, 325604 P.R. China Tel: +86-577-62776000 Mob: +86-159 5877 6000 Fax: +86-4008875666 Ext 088150